Interesting essay samples and examples on: https://essays.io/dissertation-examples-samples/
Your Reuters link buries the lede: over-testing is driven to a large degree by patients who won’t take “no” for an answer, as well as doctors who are terrified of being sued (can you imagine a world where teachers and school districts could be sued for malpractice?). I guess there is a decent comparison to be made between the test prep and the excessive medical testing that occur in the name of CYA, though.
It’s also important to remember that even though in the aggregate the medical community may be overtesting, testing is nevertheless saving, extending, or improving the quality of millions and millions of lives every year. Smarter and more efficient testing is far from being the same as no testing.
That’s what parents want, anyway. Tests that are fair, tests that aren’t too long, and tests that align to what was taught. By far the most important thing, of course, is greatly minimizing or eliminating the real destructive force, which is not the tests themselves, but the months and months of test prep that lead up to them.